Two political analysts explained the Palestinian Authority’s decision to return its ambassadors to Abu Dhabi and Manama, following the three-way summit: the Jordanian-Emirati-Bahraini hosted by the Emirati capital Abu Dhabi, that the Palestinian leadership has passed the “shock phase” of normalization and is convinced of the futility of “opening any battles with Arab countries. “.
On August 13, the Palestinian Ministry of Foreign Affairs summoned its ambassador to Abu Dhabi, Issam Masalha, and its ambassador in Manama, Khaled Aref, on September 11, in protest against the two countries ’normalization of their relationship with Israel, while it did not seem at all to be a crisis, as Palestinian sources explained earlier. I spoke to “Al-Ramsah” that Musalaha is in Ramallah to receive treatment, and she downplayed the summons.
The two Palestinian political analysts suggested; Hanna Issa and Adel Shadid, the Palestinian Authority directed to "coexist and adapt to this reality, in which the train of normalization may extend to other countries, at a time when the Palestinian leadership does not have any pressure cards to stop it."
On August 13, US President Donald Trump announced the normalization of relations between Israel and the UAE, and on September 11 he announced the normalization of Bahrain with Israel, and the two announcements culminated in the signing of the normalization agreements on September 15.
On October 23, the Sudanese Ministry of Foreign Affairs announced the normalization of relations with Israel, without summoning the Palestinian ambassador in Khartoum, making it the fifth Arab country to normalize its relationship with Israel after the UAE, Bahrain (2020), Jordan (1994) and Egypt (1979).
"The Palestinian side is in real trouble."
The Anadolu news agency quoted former Palestinian diplomat and professor of international law, Hanna Issa, as saying that the 1967 Vienna Agreement “allows states in the event of a bilateral problem in an issue, conflict or some difference, to summon their ambassador to consult with him.”
Issa mentioned that this is what happened with Palestine, the non-member state of the United Nations, which summoned its ambassador to the Emirates and then Bahrain after they announced the normalization of relations with Israel, explaining that summoning the ambassadors does not mean - in diplomatic norm - the severing of relations with the other country “but until a while. Arranging matters, and with the return of relations on their course by consensus of the two countries, the ambassador himself will return or be replaced.
He added that the return of the Palestinian ambassadors "means politically the return of things to normal, and bilateral relations are not flawed in their normal course."
Issa linked the tripartite meeting (the Emirati-Jordanian-Bahraini) in Abu Dhabi and the decision of the Palestinian leadership to return the two ambassadors, saying: “It was emphasized in the tripartite meeting that the Palestinian issue is the central Arab issue, and the need for the Israeli withdrawal until the borders of June 4, 1967, while adhering to With the Arab Peace Initiative announced in 2002, and this is a Palestinian demand. ”However, he made it clear that“ the Palestinian side is in real trouble as a result of the normalization agreements that took place, and it has become convinced that the countries of the world, including the Arab countries, deal with the Palestinian file in duplicity: they say they are with legitimacy. International, despite the existence of normalization.
Issa added: “The Arab countries’ recognition that the solution to the Palestinian issue is the establishment of a Palestinian state and the affirmation of international legitimacy decisions, means that for the Palestinians - despite the presence of normalization - they adopted the Palestinian cause, so the Palestinian leadership rectified matters and returned the ambassadors.
The Kings of Jordan, Abdullah II and Bahrain, Hamad bin Isa, and the Crown Prince of the Emirates, Mohammed bin Zayed, held a meeting at the invitation of the latter in the capital Abu Dhabi, last Wednesday, in a meeting to discuss the need to achieve “a just and comprehensive peace based on the two-state solution that guarantees The establishment of an independent, sovereign and viable Palestinian state on the lines of June 4, 1967, with East Jerusalem as its capital.
"The Authority is not interested in Saddam."
In turn, political analyst Adel Shadid said that the Palestinian Authority "has reached the conviction that the Arab countries are continuing with normalization, and that other countries will join them, without being interested in the Palestinian position."
He added, "The authority, on its part, does not have the papers to pressure the printed countries and is not interested in clashing with them."
Shadid stated that the authority’s only justification for returning the two ambassadors is “not serving Israel in going toward clashes with Arab countries, and thus adapting to this reality.”
He added that "summoning the two ambassadors at the beginning was a reaction, reflecting a state of anger and surprise. Neither the institutions of the authority, the institutions of Fatah, nor the institutions of the PLO were consulted in the decision, but a group around the president decided to summon the two ambassadors."
He said, "The Arab countries no longer care or care about the Palestinian position, and therefore the Palestinian side does not want to go toward battles that are destined for failure."
He continued: “The Palestinian side has also become convinced that its battle and contradiction with Israel and those who support it, and it is not in its interest to enter into a clash with the Arab countries.